Author Archives: CHEF 420

Cannabis Infusion 101

Making Cannabis THC/CBD Infusions

02/15/2019 10:37

Cannabis Edible companies spend their mornings transforming flour, Cannabutter made from low grade weed, sugar and lots of other mysterious things, into pastries, cakes, cookies, etc. — so you don’t have to!? You bow down before them as if their dry, tasteless “treats” are the gods own Ambrosia. But every once in a while, you Think about grabbing the apron and whipping up a batch of brownies.

Baking excellence Does not line the shelves of most dispensaries, there are now some restaurants or “coffee shops” that make some excellent Cannabis Confections for $30. per serving.
Why buy a dry “infused” edible? It’s not the marijuana that is causing that dry mouth. Why not make your own gooey, chewy, and super Dank edibles?
Experimenting with different products and brands is highly recommended. But every once in a while, it’s also a blast to make your own cannabis edibles. If you are a stoner, like me, (and of course you are) It may be the most Baked than you ever have been in the kitchen.

Cannabis Infusions 101

The base of all cannabis baked products is the cannabis-infused fats, normally butter or oil (one of the more popular oils for flavor as well as its ability to infuse THC/CBD is coconut oil).


step #1 — making the cannabutter or oil — is the only unusual ingredient. After that step, the rest of them are similar to what can be found in everyday recipes.

People ask Me, which edibles are the best and which types will work for certain symptoms? Facts are, the answer is mostly dependent on you and your preferences towards cannabis. On top of that, many factors also depend on a person’s body and the way it interacts with specific cannabis compounds (cannabinoids). Since THC/CBD affects every body differently, 

*Always see a doctor before starting any medications!*

MightyFast Herbal Infuser
Marijuana Butter Chef 420
Magic Butter

Through understanding the different types of products available, there is an effective method for finding the perfect edible for you. There is a growing number of infusion processes and infusion machines that make cooking with cannabis more accessible and new types of edibles are hitting shelves all the time, some have more exact results, while others generate widespread effects.

Recipes for cannabuttercannaoil, THC Infused Liquors, and Tinctures.

Recipes all deal with numbers, in terms of ingredient quantities, cooking times, and temperatures. The math is a bit more complex for cannabis baking. Don’t worry, It’s not hard. The worst math comes from figuring out how much THC per serving, — for example, you want 10 mg of THC/CBD for each chocolate chip cookie, and then making a batch of cookies with the right amount of your marijuana infusion that will work.

Cannabis strains are each unique, each has different percentages of THC to CBD. In a perfect world, the cannabis dispensary where the marijuana was scored would post the THC/CBD concentration plainly on the package. If not, make sure you know the cannabis strain, and then google how much the THC content is, normally.

The best edibles usedecarboxylated marijuana, the cured cannabis is heated, at a low Temperature, until the THC is activated. Infusing without decarbing works also — when you cook your brownies, the heat will activate most of the THC, But decarbing will ensure all available THC is activated. The THC/CBD is more available, and at a greater concentration.Use yourself as a guinea pig, (it’s a rough job, but somebody has got to do it). without lots and lots of practice dosing, your products will never be as precise as the stuff from the dispensaries.  

Proportion Control for Homemade Cannabis Infusion

The amount of cannabis to butter is dependent on the THC/CBD concentration of your marijuana. People looking for strong concentrations might use one ounce of cannabis to one pound of butter (2 cups). The more typical ratio, is 1/2 ounce cannabis to 1 pound of butter.
Either way, remember, the particular strains THC/CBD percentages will influence the potency. Some marijuana strains are higher than 30% THC. Others are less than 15% THC. If the math sounds too complicated or time consuming,  on-line dosage caculators can do the work for you. If you really want to get down to the nitty gritty, and do your own Math, I have added complete instructions at the bottom of the page

Common Cannabis Infusion Mediums

OILs


Oils:

Oils are the best choice, in my opinion, when infusing cannabis for cooking. It is the most versatile. Coconut oil has emerged as a popular choice. While other oils are better for some things, coconut oil seems to be a dominating topic when looking for marijuana oil infusion. Coconut oil is the best binding agent for THC/CBD infusions. The acids in coconut oil have shown health benefits, mostly in the stomach. More options that provide similar benefits include olive, veggie and nut oils.


Butter:

Cannabutter serves as the favorite precursor to oil infusion. As the binding ingredient that’s turned edibles into the cannabis products they are, THC/CBD butter has helped a range of chronic pain sufferers address their comfort and lack of appetite. Both butter and oil allow for you to control your dosage better than smoking might while delaying the psychotropic effects for some time.

Tinctures:

Cannabis infused Tinctures use alcohol (e.g. pure grain alcohol, not rubbing alcohol) to absorb the cannabinoids. You dose droplet amounts, directly in your mouth or add to a beverage, it is absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth and the stomach lining.

Milk or Cream:

marijuana milk is a cannabis-infused treat that can be created with any kind of milk, including dairy milk and cream, nut, coconut or soy milk. The higher the fat content of your chosen milk base, the more effective it will be at absorbing cannabis’s active ingredients, like the cannabinoids THC and CBD. For best results, we recommend using full-fat dairy or coconut milk. THC/CBD Infused milk/cream can be used in many recipes,use when oil or butter are not used, and it is great with chocolate chip cookies.

Liquors:

Liquors may also  be infused with THC/CBD. Brandy or rum are my favorites. Cannabis tinctures, also known as green or golden dragon, are alcohol-based cannabis extracts – essentially, infused alcohol. In fact, tinctures were the main form of cannabis medicine until the United States enacted cannabis prohibition. They can be added to coffee and other beverages or added to a main course. I personally don’t like to drink while high but I like to add it for the flavor

7 Cannabis Consumption Methods and Benefits

Recreational and medical cannabis dispensaries Now carry a wide selection of edibles in many different shapes, sizes, and doses. While a large variety is always good, it can be hard to find the best edible for your needs.

To help you better understand the ways they affect the human body, let’s look at what cannabis infused edible options are out there.

#1 Liquid Edibles:

Chronic pain sufferers greatly benefit from cannabis infused beverages, tea in particular. Like edibles, drinking THC/CBD is taken in through the digestive tract. This is slower acting, taking from a half hour to hours before taking effect, and stays in the body longer.
Normally, marijuana infused drinks and teas give pain sufferers a little extra time before they need another dose.
With drinks, I think it is best to stick with tea, as its healing properties go well with CBD/THC properties. Marijuana and tea, make a dynamic one-two punch for combating anxiety and digestive issues.


#2 Solid Edibles:

Solid THC Edibles, (my speciality) are another excellent choice for those seeking to help with chronic pain and/or depression. The drawback to solid or liquid edibles are in their dosing. Home made foods have the potential to vary greatly from one to the other, with every single portion having a different dose, (the same as calories in any food). Newbies should get some advice the first time, be it a doctor or dispensary. Needless to say, solid edibles are a great and tasty choice. 2018 saw gummy bears and mints as the most sought after edibles. Healthier snacks and even dining experiences are now options available in some areas, and worth considering, if your pocket book can handle the high price.

#3 Tinctures:

An Infused Tincture is a classic THC edible method and is coming back, due to its ease of use, and over all benefits. Tinctures are cannabis-infused alcohol extracts that are great for everything, from a few drops into the mouth, to combining with solid edibles or drinks. Non-smokers like tinctures for their accurate dosing, and easy application. If you’re a slow user, tinctures are great due to their long shelf-life. Apply a few drops under the tongue whenever, without worrying if your stash is no good.


#4 Sprays:

Basically tinctures in spray form, THC mixed with alcohol. By spraying under your tongue, you get a micro-burst dose of CBD/THC. Sprays are great for on-the-go dosing, as well as for those seeking discretion. People with anxiety or pain can benefit from the Quick effects Although, some may need more applications than they would with a drink or edible. There is a good deal of comfort in having a spray that you can quickly take anywhere from home, the office, or most any where really.

#5 Inhalers:

Inhalers are a recent entry, with the Vape-pens and the Inhalers being the big winners for 2018.Part spray and part vape, cannabis inhalers give users a quick dose without burning up your stash. Like sprays, inhalers enjoy discrete on-the-go hits without anyone knowing the wiser.

#6 Cannabis Powders:

More and more people are becoming aware of powdered cannabis. Some of these powders have no taste and can be mixed with any liquid to pump up your cannabinoids. They can be added to other powders, like protein powder or workout supplements, you can boost your workout and also get the benefits of THC.

Marijuana powder makes good sense as the use of cannabis in workouts becomes more of a trending topic. Still no definitive answer, but THC/CBD and working out have links to quicker recoveries and lower fasting insulin levels that can help keep off the weight.

#7 Cannabis Topicals:

THC/CBD combined with a penetrating topical cream is absorbed through the skin, and allows for direct application to affected areas (e.g. allergic skin reaction, muscle strain, inflammation, etc.)
Cannabinoids interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors that are found all over the body. Both THC and Cannabidiol (CBD) have been reported to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Topical THC/CBD use does not produce a psychoactive effect, which is not the same as eating or inhaling.

Marijuana infusion dosage Math

OK, Here is the Math:

1 gram of flower is also 1000 milligrams of flower.
let’s assume your cannabis is 10% THC, a low ratio that is readily available. But the point of using 10% here is to make the math easily scalable. If the THC of the cannabis, instead is 20%, then you know that following these guidelines will produce a infusion that is twice the potency of the infusion with a 10% THC content.
With 1000 mg. (1 gram) of bud at 10% THC, the THC content is 100 mg. (= 10% of 1000).
A typical THC dose is 10 mg., so 1 gram of 10% cannabis produces 10 – 10 mg. servings. If the strain was 20% THC, 1 gram marijuana produces 20 – 10 mg. servings.
Let’s try this with a whole ounce of bud, that’s 28 grams. One ounce of 10% THC flower has 2,800 mg. of THC, or 280 doses of 10 mg. each.

If your pound of cannabutter used 1/2 oz. of bud with 10% THC, that is 140 servings. So you want a batch of 70 cookies, with a dose of 10 mg. each, then we need 700 milligrams of THC in the batch. If a pound of butter holds 2,800 milligrams of THC, then the cannabutter for the recipe will need to be a quarter-pound of cannabutter. If your recipe calls for more than a 1/4 pound of butter, add non-infused butter to get the right amount for your recipe.

Because of the decarboxylation process and cooking in the home, THC concentrations are rarely uniform. The goal is to come as close as possible. Short of testing every cookie, actual THC content will be very hard to pin down exactly. There are many on-line dosage calculators you can use to do the math for you.

Always remember:


Each strain’s THC content is different. These guidelines are for cannabis with 10% THC, but more likely your marijuana will contain closer to 20%. Knowing the THC content of the cannabis flower is essential, only then do you get close enough to making edibles with consistent uniform doses.
After you bake that batch of Ginger Bud Snaps, and you think the cookies have 10 mgs of THC, eat one, and chill for at about 2 hours, and see what happens. You will then know if one cookie is good, not enough, or too much. Make a note of it, and adjust your recipe for next time.
When you portion cookies use an ice cream scoop or a tablespoon measure to make consistent portions of cookie dough, ensuring all of the cookies are the same size. With brownies, use a ruler to insure you cut each brownie into equal sizes.
Mixing the butter into your recipe is key. You want the THC infusion evenly distributed through out the batter so you have uniform serving sizes and also have consistent THC content in each portion.

References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid

www.marijuanabreak.com/decarboxylation

tipsybartender.com/recipe/liquid-marijuana-cocktail/

hempster.co/edible-dosage-calculator/

magazine.grasscity.com/seattle-company-powdered-cannabis-3503/

marijuanagrowershq.com/how-to-calculate-the-potency-of-edibles/

www.healthline.com/health/cbd-vs-thc

www.civilized.life/articles/cannabis-sprays-smooth-high/

 Merriamwebster.com/

marijuanagrowershq.com/how-to-calculate-the-potency-of-edibles/

Read more: https://www.chef-420.com/making/

13 Tips for Cooking with Cannabis By CHEF 420


THC/Marijuana cooking Tips&Tricks

Chef 420 Headshot

The average pot enthusiast is more likely to dump an ounce of shake into some brownie batter, rather than whip up something actually digestible and effective, so I decided to share some of the best edibles tips to up your cannabis cooking.

Concocting your own pot brownies has long been a haphazard and inexact science for recreational stoners—instructions will vary on the amount of bud and method of infusion, and often DIY cannabis cooks pay no mind to the potency of the strain they’re using. And while residents living in states where medical marijuana is legalized can buy a wide-range of edibles from dispensaries, the average pot enthusiast is more likely to dump an ounce of cannabis into some brownie batter, rather than whip up something digestible if left to his own devices.

Don’t Throw Actual Weed into the Recipe
That’s not the way it works. A lot of people say, “Oh yeah, I put a gram of Blue Dream into my brownies and they were amazing.” No, they really weren’t. First of all, I don’t believe you, because if you’re going to put the actual ground-up bud into your brownies, sure, there’s going to be some form of decarboxylation that occurs, and you’ll get some of the potency of the herb into your brownies. But they’ll taste horrible, will give you about half the high, and take longer to take effect.

Potency Isn’t Everything
Amateur edible makers will often talk about how strong their brownies are, but I don’t think they really understand what that means. When I first got into this industry, I went to a dispensary with some friends who wanted to get some edibles. I was hesitant because I’d already had a bad experience with a highly potent edible that didn’t taste good and I thought it was a waste of money for me. Meanwhile, my friend was like, “Oh, a 150 milligram brownie, I’ll get that!” It was like $30, and I don’t even think he knew what he had just bought.

CHEF 420s Basic Brownies

If there’s one message I want to get out there, it’s that people need to understand that the typical dose is 10 milligrams of THC. If you want to have a good experience, you should aim for that. Buying a 150 milligram brownie doesn’t mean you’ll have a good time—you most likely will not. Once you understand the basics of dosing, then you can actually have a really enjoyable experience with edibles.

Pay Attention to THC Percentages and Get Your Ratios Right

You have to know the percentage of THC in the bud you’re using. I cook with a lot of high CBD (cannibanol, a non-psychoactive compound also found in marijuana that is often used for medical patients) strains as well, so understanding that is also very important if you’re cooking specifically for medical patients. But the thing is, you can’t really have too much CBD. The worst that can happen if you overload on CBD is you might get tired and fall asleep.

The bigger issue is having too much THC, because if you are inexerienced and have too much of that, the negative effects are you might get excessive psychoactive effects —You don’t want that. You have to know the percentage you’re starting with, and then you have to know how thc incorporates into the butter, oil, or tinctures that you infuse it into. You also need to understand the quantity and how to deal with it when making edibles. For example, let’s say you’re doing a simple boxed brownie recipe that calls for a third of a cup of oil. 

A quick fix would be just replacing that with a third of a cup of canna-oil. However, if you do that and you don’t understand the potency of the cannabis oil you are using, you can’t say how many milligrams of THC are in each brownie, you might actually over-medicate your brownies. But if you understand the potency, you can figure out something like, If I use a third of a cup of oil, each individual brownie’s going to be 15 milligrams, and I don’t want that. I want each of my brownies to be five milligrams, so I’m just going to make one third of that third be canna-oil, and the other two-thirds will be regular oil. You can actually use a online calculator to figure out how much oil to use based on the THC potency of the bud in order to make edibles with the potency you desire.  

Cleaning Your Weed?

Cannabis trichomes
Trichomes

Let’s just say you took your weed and put it into a crock pot, like a lot of people do, with some butter, oil, and let it simmer. What you’re really doing, in addition to simmering all of those cannabinoids into the butter and oil, is also adding in any impurities that are in it. So anything that tastes really bad could be something as horrible as insecticides, dirt, or it could just be the chlorophyll, which also has a specific taste that’s pretty powerful.
If you have taken a look at you weed with a magnifier, you will notice trichomes growing like little mushrooms all over. these trichomes are delicate and too strong of a water flow will wash away your high, I try not to wash in water beforehand. If you don’t know where your cannabis comes from, and your not sure if pesticides have been used in the growing process, I like to use a spray bottle and gently let the water with any pesticides drip off, try not to place your weed under running water.

Don’t Cook Above 350 Degrees Fahrenheit

What temp to cook cannabutter? 

Most recipes call for you to hit 350F, and that would be fine if most ovens were precise and didn’t fluctuate between ten and twenty-five degrees of where they say they’re at, (All recipes are different cannabutter cookies cook at a different temperature than say, chocolate cake, make sure you fallow the recipes recommendations) Unfortunately that’s not the case, and THC starts to degrade at 365 F. So if you’re cooking at 350 F, you’re most likely going to start degrading and evaporating the THC. Use a internal thermometer and test the oven before hand, to make sure there is not a large fluctuation in temperature.
Also, when you’re cooking in a pan to, say, sauteing something, you have to be very careful. Obviously people use butter and oil to saute all the time, but if you’re thinking of using canna-butter or recipes using canna oil,


t

just be aware that you can not use it in the same way you would use anything else. When you’re cooking a dish that requires a stove top, what you have to do is put the canna butter or canna oil in at the end. Basically, you shut the heat off and you mix the butter or oil around to coat everything while the pan is still hot. That way, you won’t lose any of the potency.

The Bomb Brownie Cookies

I would like to Answer some of the most Common Questions that are posed to me on a daily basis

Q. Do I have to bring the temperature up to 350?
A. No,THC becomes active at 212 F. for decarbing or infusion and begins to turn into CBD above 365 F. and starts to burn at 380 F. All recipes are different cannabutter cookies cook at a different temperature than say, chocolate cake, make sure you fallow the recipes closely.

Q. When is cannabutter done cooking?
A. I usually let the weed cook for around 3 hours. You can tell it’s done when the top of the mix turns from really watery to glossy and thick. If you have a Herbal Infuser Butter can take as little as 45 min. no guesswork.

Honey Butter       

Q. What’s the most important thing people should know about edibles?
A. Be careful making them, be careful that you actually understand the properties of what you’re working with, and really do take precautions when you’re eating edibles for the first time. If you’ve smoked marijuana, that’s an entirely different animal from actually absorbing this in your digestive system, and it’s great, it’s helpful, it’s wonderful, and it’s a really unique opportunity, but just take it slowly. Put the brakes on. I know we’re all excited; I know that this is something that everybody’s talking about. But just take a deep breath, make your edible, take a small portion, see how it affects you, and then wait a couple of days or the next day and then go from there.

Q. What to do with leftovers from making cannabutter?
A. The “dregs” or leftovers from making canna butter are pretty much spent, there is some THC still in there, you could do a second round, but the result would be weak. If you make edibles often, wrap it up in plastic (ziplock), throw it in the freezer, and make a batch when you have several saved up.

     Gummy Bears

Q. Can you get high from making cannabutter?
A. If your inhaling right from the pot, you might pick up a little something. you would probably hyper-ventalate and pass out first. As you can tell I’m not 100% sure, I’m usually “stoned” anyway. I would say no, but if I had to take a drug test, I wouldn’t want to be around it.

Q. What is best oil for edibles?

A. The best I’ve found, for me, is Coconut oil for effectiveness, but it’s flavor is distinctive. My go to oil for cooking is a pure Vegetable, it works in whatever you need oil for. Meny chefs like to use olive oil, and it’s great for main courses, saute’, salads, etc. For baking though, a connola, veggie oil works best.

Q. My cannabutter turned black?
A. Well this could happen for meny reasons, the Temp was too high, or was cooked too long. If your Bud was not well cured and was not dried enough. or even an excess of dirt. Make sure your temps are good, your weed is cured, and decarbed before you begin, and don’t go much beyond 3 hours.

Magical Butter Machine Save with code "chef420"

Q. How long to cook canna oil on the stove?
A. Canna oil like canna butter require the same time/temp. ratios for infusion. I like to go 3 hours at 220F. this is a good even temperature and ensures a quality THC oil or butter infusion. If you are making CBD infusion, you will need to increase the Temperature but not the cooking time.

Why we need to watch out for the Newbies

Educate & Elevate

A 62-year-old woman visited Colorado, bought some marijuana candy, ate it in her hotel room, got way too high as a result, and penned an account of the experience that captivated the nation, or at least the part of the nation that spends too much time giggling on Twitter.
“I felt a scary shudder go through my body and brain. I barely made it from the desk to the bed, where I lay curled up in a hallucinatory state for the next eight hours, ” Maureen Dowd, the New York Times columnist and spiritual descendant of Hunter S. Thompson, wrote on June 3. “As my paranoia deepened, I became convinced that I had died and no one was telling me.”

The immediate response to Dowd’s bad trip was a shudder of not-undeserved gleeful cackling. “She largely suffered her fate due to an overdose of stupidity,” wrote VICE’s David Bienenstock, who scoffed at the columnist for apparently not doing any “research regarding a proper dosage of THC for a novice user, the amount of time the drug will take before you begin to feel its effects, or even the overall potency of the product she selected.”
Though Dowd did get warned that THC-infused edibles can really mess you up if you can’t handle your bud , she “was focused more on the fun than the risks,” according to a statement she wrote in response to the post-column brouhaha. “In that sense, I’m probably like many other people descending on Denver.”


The longtime Times writer may be such a weed neophyte that she doesn’t know how to roll a joint, but she’s not wrong that the new regime in Colorado makes it easy for newbies to overdo it and end up tweaking out. The emerging legal weed industry in the state is still in an odd, transitional stage, and it can be downright unfriendly to casual tourists like Dowd who want to try this “marijuana” thing everyone seems to be talking about. For starters, the bud sold in the state is the most powerful weed anyone has ever smoked. Pot potency has increased dramatically over the past two decades: According to Todd Ellison, the CEO of Weed Media, a Colorado-based marketing company, weed in the 70s contained about 14 or 15 percent THC, whereas today an average strain in Colorado will be 24 or 26 percent.

“Because of the environment you’ve created here, a lot of people have high tolerances,”. As it’s the heavy users who buy the most pot, many dispensaries cater to these ounce-a-week connoisseurs by selling the most powerful weed they can get their hands on.
“Edibles are in the same environment,” added Ellison.“Because we’ve created these people with these high tolerances, we’ve also created the environment where 15 to 25 milligrams (of THC) is really not enough to break the ice for a lot of people.”
This increase is potency is great for medical marijuana patients who need a strong dose to relieve their aches and pains and for proud potheads who smoke the most primo of the primo shit—but it’s bad news for out-of-staters who can’t toke like a “stoner”.

Statistics on people who’ve lost their shit after smoking some chronic or overdoing it on the edibles are understandably hard to come by, but there’s plenty of anecdotal evidence suggesting not everyone can handle the THC-heavy products sold in many dispensaries. “Some hospital officials say they are treating growing numbers of children and adults sickened by potent doses of edible marijuana,” reported the New York Times in a recent article about the downsides of legalization in Colorado. And there have been a couple high-profile tragedies linked to edibles, including the time an African exchange student named Levy Thamba Pongi jumped off a balcony and died after eating a pot cookie that was much, much too strong for him.


Edibles, which are particularly popular among tourists, often don’t contain the THC concentrations listed on their packaging. And the general trend toward making marijuana products as powerful as possible has made it more likely that first-timers like my friend and Dowd will have themselves a bad day.
“Are the edibles too strong? Yes,” VICE weed columnist T. Kid wrote in Paper magazine this week. “When you consume a lot of weed regularly, you lose track of how little it might take to ruin a novice’s evening. A cookie probably shouldn’t have six regular doses in it because, seriously, who eats a sixth of a cookie?”


In all likelihood, growers will find ways to make their crops even more potent in the future, and the THC-hungry crowd that makes use of intense techniques like dabbing will embrace the chance to get higher than ever before. But as the industry grows and more states fully legalize weed—pretty much a foregone conclusion at this point—chances are the pot industry will start to resemble other businesses. Edible makers will find a way to be more consistent with the amount of THC they include in each batch, and just as the most popular beers today are lighter lagers that go down easy and don’t get you too messed up, a market will emerge for what Ellison has called “mid-grade” weed—a type of bud that’s not high in THC but will be easy to grow in massive quantities and won’t give anyone the Fear. In other words, fake articles about Phillip Morris coming out with marijuana cigarettes will become a reality.

In the meantime, Ellison said, the edibles industry is reacting to the bad publicity it’s received lately by, for instance, selling six-packs of chocolate truffles where each one contains a single dose. Dispensaries should make it clear to the tourists that they shouldn’t be screwing around with the hard stuff, he added. “I believe that the tourists should get the lesser grade cannabis that won’t blow their minds right away,” Ellison added. “Or be given the option to understand that ‘here is the good stuff. And here—it’s expensive, it’s hard to get, it’s limited in quantity—but here is the really, really, really potent native stuff.’ That would be a good paradigm.

Read more: https://www.chef-420.com/